Silk comes from the cocoon of the silk worm. The silk worm feeds on mulberry leaves and then attaches itself to a mulberry tree to spin a silk cocoon. This process is referred to as pupating. Farmers raise the cocoons and sell them to manufacturers.
Silk manufacturers sort cocoons according to color, size, shape and texture as these will affect the quality of the silk. Cocoons range from white and yellow to grayish. After the cocoons have been sorted, they need to be softened through a series of hot and cold immersions. Often intact cocoons are boiled in water for five minutes and turned gently. Then they are removed from the water and dried.
The next step of the process is reeling which refers to the unwinding of the silk filaments from the cocoon and combining them together to make a thread of raw silk. After drying, the cocoons are dissected with a needle to pick the strands. When a strand comes off it has to be wound in one continuous thread. The filament of the cocoon is very fine, therefore it is necessary to combine three to ten strands to produce the desired diameter of raw silk which is known as “reeled silk.” The usable length of the reeled filament is 300 to 600 m.
The final step is weaving. Silk weaving creates a fabric by interlacing the yarns. Weaving can be carried out on either a hand or power loom.
After these step the silk fabric is made. And here comes digital print and hand or machine rolled.